Monday, December 2, 2013

The Higher Ed STEM Myth

In Malcolm Gladwell’s recent book David and Goliath, he repeats the following common claim: “At a time when students with liberal arts degrees struggle to find jobs, students with STEM degrees are almost assured of good careers.” The only problem with this idea is that it is at best misleading and possibly completely false. Looking at recent labor data and multiple research studies, it appears that at the very moment the Obama administration and most state officials are pushing for a rapid increase in students holding college degrees in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math, most jobs in these areas have faced stagnant wages and decreased job opportunities.

According to the article, “The STEM Crisis is a Myth”, “there are more STEM workers than suitable jobs. One study found, for example, that wages for U.S. workers in computer and math fields have largely stagnated since 2000. Even as the Great Recession slowly recedes, STEM workers at every stage of the career pipeline, from freshly minted grads to mid- and late-career Ph.D.s, still struggle to find employment as many companies, including Boeing, IBM, and Symantec, continue to lay off thousands of STEM workers.”  In face of this decrease in STEM-related job opportunities, we are reminded that, “President Obama has called for government and industry to train 10,000 new U.S. engineers every year as well as 100,000 additional STEM teachers by 2020. And until those new recruits enter the workforce, tech companies like Facebook, IBM, and Microsoft are lobbying to boost the number of H-1B visas—temporary immigration permits for skilled workers—from 65,000 per year to as many as 180,000.”  In other words, high-tech companies are pushing for increased access to high-skilled foreign workers in order to drive down labor costs and produce a more competitive labor market.  Meanwhile, government officials are calling for a massive increase in funding to educate people for jobs that do not exist.

One of the major reasons why the government seems to have it all wrong is the way STEM jobs are defined: “According to Commerce, 7.6 million individuals worked in STEM jobs in 2010, or about 5.5 percent of the U.S. workforce. That number includes professional and technical support occupations in the fields of computer science and mathematics, engineering, and life and physical sciences as well as management. The NSF, by contrast, counts 12.4 million science and engineering jobs in the United States, including a number of areas that the Commerce Department excludes, such as health-care workers (4.3 million) and psychologists and social scientists (518,000).”  The first problem is then the US government itself has conflicting ways of defining who is working in a STEM job, and thus the National Science Foundation is able to call for more STEM funding by including in its ranks, healthcare workers, psychologists, and social scientists.  However, if we look at the more traditional understanding of STEM jobs, which is used by the Commerce Department, only 5.5% of all current US jobs fall into this area. 
Not only is the STEM crisis being pushed by bad data and loose definitions, but it is also being fueled by a massive misunderstanding regarding the relationship between college degrees and future employment: “Of the 7.6 million STEM workers counted by the Commerce Department, only 3.3 million possess STEM degrees. Viewed another way, about 15 million U.S. residents hold at least a bachelor’s degree in a STEM discipline, but three-fourths of them—11.4 million—work outside of STEM.” Thus, not only are there limited employment opportunities in the STEM areas, but most of the people with STEM degrees do not work in STEM jobs, and most of the people working in STEM jobs do not have STEM degrees. This mismatch between degrees and jobs means that there is not a pressing need to produce more people with STEM degrees, and non-STEM degree holders often end up being employed in STEM jobs. 
One reason why the STEM labor market is hard to predict and plan for is because of the business and labor practices dominating these areas: “Highly competitive science- and technology-driven industries are volatile, where radical restructurings and boom-and-bust cycles have been the norm for decades. Many STEM jobs today are also targets for outsourcing or replacement by automation.” It turns out that the celebrated jobs in the STEM areas are highly susceptible to downsizing, outsourcing, and boom-and-bust business cycles. 
The unstable nature of STEM jobs is matched by the short-term thinking of many high-tech companies: “In engineering, for instance, your job is no longer linked to a company but to a funded project. Long-term employment with a single company has been replaced by a series of de facto temporary positions that can quickly end when a project ends or the market shifts. To be sure, engineers in the 1950s were sometimes laid off during recessions, but they expected to be hired back when the economy picked up. That rarely happens today. And unlike in decades past, employers seldom offer generous education and training benefits to engineers to keep them current, so out-of-work engineers find they quickly become technologically obsolete.” Like so many other fields and professions, the older model of career employment has been replaced by a new system of just-in-time flexible labor, which in turn, reduces the opportunity for job advancement since companies do not want to invest in workers who have no future with their corporations.
Like the employment practices in higher education, wages in the STEM areas are being pushed down by an over-supply of future workers and an under-supply of new good jobs: “if you apply the Commerce Department’s definition of STEM to the NSF’s annual count of science and engineering bachelor’s degrees, that means about 252,000 STEM graduates emerged in 2009. So even if all the STEM openings were entry-level positions and even if only new STEM bachelor’s holders could compete for them, that still leaves 70,000 graduates unable to get a job in their chosen field. Of course, the pool of U.S. STEM workers is much bigger than that: It includes new STEM master’s and Ph.D. graduates (in 2009, around 80 000 and 25 000, respectively), STEM associate degree graduates (about 40 000), H-1B visa holders (more than 50 000), other immigrants and visa holders with STEM degrees, technical certificate holders, and non-STEM degree recipients looking to find STEM-related work. And then there’s the vast number of STEM degree holders who graduated in previous years or decades.”  If you work at a university and college, this story should be very familiar; in the face of decreased job opportunities, colleges continue to flood the market with new workers, which then functions to drive down wages and create a class of underemployed and unemployed degree-holders.  

103 comments:

  1. Your numbers in the last paragraph don't make sense. You count a person as unable to get a job at BS, MS, and PhD levels, but they should only be counted once (either all at the BS level or only once they actually leave school). As a result, your numbers end up about 505 too high for new job seekers.

    That said, the boom-and-bust cycle for STEM workers is a real phenomenon, and has been since the late 60s.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Great informative site. http://essay-writings-services.comI'm really impressed after reading this blog post. I really appreciate the time and effort you spend to share this with us! I do hope to read more updates from you.

    ReplyDelete
  3. the data very well, I've got a lot of important information for me. thank you. Yepi 6 | Friv 10 | Hopy 4

    ReplyDelete
  4. On this site a lot of interesting and useful information. And useful information on this subject you can zanayty here
    http://essay-writings-service.com/

    ReplyDelete
  5. I think you're right. Maybe the other identified cause quite a lot of controversy but I feel it really is worth recognizing is correct. I think something is no reason to assert.
    Kizi jogos

    ReplyDelete
  6. Hey, this is really helpful writing by you..Very impressive...If you want some more interesting and useful information then have a visit @ Student Zoom

    ReplyDelete
  7. Hi, nice blog… Thanks for share. You can also use the alternative for this purpose. You just need to click on Car title loans to find more about this topic.

    ReplyDelete
  8. Thanks for the information. Payday loans are easily available and are very helpful to people because of their short procedure.

    ReplyDelete
  9. Very informative blog. Exchange Gift Cards to get instant money anytime.

    ReplyDelete
  10. I was thinking of getting loan and this post is very helpful. Getting Cash For Gift Cards also help up to some extent.

    ReplyDelete
  11. Cash Advance is a good scheme of getting money without too much botheration.

    ReplyDelete
  12. http://www.coachoutletstoreinc.com/ Coach Outlet Store Online
    http://www.michaelkorsoutletmkinc.com/ Michael Kors Outlet
    http://www.coachfactoryoutletwebsite.com/ Coach Factory Outlet
    http://www.tomsusashoes.com/ Toms Shoes
    http://www.cheapjerseysinc.com/ Cheap Jerseys
    http://www.michaelkors-bedford.com/ Michael Kors
    http://www.coachoutlet-sale.com/ Coach Outlet
    http://www.coachfactoryoutletorg.com/ Coach Factory Outlet
    http://www.coachoutlet-buy.com/ Coach Outlet
    http://www.coachhandbagsonlineoutlet.com/ Coach Handbags
    http://www.giuseppezanottionline.com/ Giuseppe Zanotti
    http://www.coachfactoryoutlet-handbags.com/
    http://www.coach-factory-outlet-online.com/ Coach Factory Outlet Online
    http://www.coachstoreonline.com/ Coach Outet Store Online
    http://www.coachfactoryoutlets2014.com/ Coach Factory Outlet
    http://www.michaelkorsoutletonlinemk.com/ Michael Kors Outlet Online
    http://www.celineoutlet-online.com/ Celine Outlet
    http://www.michaelkors.name/ Michael Kors
    http://www.michael-kors-outlet-store.com/ Michael Kors Store
    http://www.tomsshoescompany.com/ Tomss Hoes
    http://www.pradaoutlet-store.com/ Prada Outlet
    http://www.fitflopfootwear.com/ Fitflop Footwear
    http://www.celinebags-outlet.com/ Celine Bags
    http://www.fitflopsflipflops.com/ Fitflops Flipflops
    http://www.fitflopusaonline.com/ Fitflops
    http://www.giuseppezanottidesigner.com/ Giuseppe Zanotti Designer
    http://www.fitflopflip-flop.com/ Fitflops
    http://www.giuseppezanottisneakersmen.com/ Giuseppe Zanotti Sneakersmen
    http://www.fitflopsandalssale.com/ Fitflops

    ReplyDelete
  13. I sat down at the entrance, of the setting sun, bathed the orange garden, my body curled up, Ralph Lauren Shirts, like a plant strain autumn, Ralph Polo Outlet, shangpan vines, Ralph Outlet Online, attached to the fence, Ralph Lauren UK, my feet grew a lot of moss, Polo Outlet, it extends far away, Ralph Lauren Polo, deep in the vast, wilderness stretching, Ralph Lauren Sweaters, my eyes mist swept, http://www.polo-ralphlaurensoutlet.com/, every inch of land, Polo Outlet Online, and grassland, Ralph Lauren Polo Outlet, even gentle as promised, september's harvest, Ralph Outlet, has begun to mature, Cheap Ralph Lauren Sale, I heard the sound of, Ralph Lauren Outlet Online, cheering four weeks, Ralph Lauren Outlet, those voices full of surprises, and vicissitudes of life, roared Gucci Shoes Outlet swept across the garden.

    ReplyDelete
  14. I like your blog information is very interesting and modern, I love your blog
    kizi
    y9

    ReplyDelete
  15. Thank you for always gives everyone the most useful things.
    Friv 2g
    Friv 6

    ReplyDelete
  16. I am always pleased with what you bring to it very interesting and useful, thanks.y8

    ReplyDelete
  17. You can write about the terms and conditions on the blog. You might chronicle it's spectacular. kizi 1

    ReplyDelete
  18. I am always pleased with what you bring to it very interesting and useful, thanks. kizi 1

    ReplyDelete
  19. Excellent performance of your blog

    ReplyDelete
  20. http://www.shopbestgoods.com/
    http://www.nike-jordanshoes.com/
    http://www.beatsbydreoutlet.net/
    http://www.michaelkorsus.com/
    http://www.polo-tshirts.com/
    http://www.northsclearance.com/
    http://www.ralph-laurensale.com/
    http://www.gucci-shoesuk2014.com/
    http://www.michael-korsusa.com/
    http://www.polo-outlets.com/
    http://www.ralphslauren.co.uk/
    http://www.marcjacobsonsale.com/
    http://www.mcmworldwides.com/
    http://www.salongchamppairs.com/
    http://www.canada-gooser.com/
    http://www.burberryoutlet2014.com/
    http://www.michaelkors.so/
    http://www.hermes-outletonline.com/
    http://www.oakley-sunglassoutlet.com/
    http://www.north-faceoutlets.net/
    http://www.moncler-clearance.com/
    http://www.woolrich-clearance.com/
    http://www.barbour-jacketsoutlet.com/
    http://www.moncler-jacketsoutletonline.com/
    http://www.monsterbeatsbydres.net/
    http://www.louis-vuittonblackfriday.com/
    http://www.lv-guccishoesfactory.com/
    http://www.mcmoutlet-jp.com/
    http://www.cheapdiscountoutlet.com/
    http://coachoutlet.iwopop.com/
    http://www.coachsfactoryoutlet.com/
    http://www.coach-blackfriday2014.com/
    http://www.coach-storeoutletonline.com/
    http://www.coach-factorysoutletonline.com/
    http://www.coachccoachoutlet.com/
    http://www.coach-factories.net/
    http://www.coach-pursesoutletonline.com/
    http://www.llouisvuitton-factory.net/
    http://www.coach-outletsusa.com/
    http://www.mksfactoryoutlet.com/
    http://www.zxcoachoutlet.com/
    http://www.mischristmas.com/
    http://www.misblackfriday.com/
    http://www.bestcustomsonline.com/
    http://www.newoutletonlinemall.com/
    http://www.clickmichaelkors.com/
    http://www.cmichaelkorsoutlet.com/
    http://www.ralphlaurenepolo.com/
    http://michaelkorsoutlet.mischristmas.com/
    http://mcmbackpack.mischristmas.com/
    http://monsterbeats.mischristmas.com/
    http://northfaceoutlet.mischristmas.com/
    http://mk.misblackfriday.com/
    http://coachoutlet.misblackfriday.com/
    http://coachfactory.misblackfriday.com/
    http://uggaustralia.misblackfriday.com/
    http://coachpurses.misblackfriday.com/
    http://coachusa.misblackfriday.com/
    http://coach.misblackfriday.com/
    http://michaelkorss.misblackfriday.com/
    http://michaelkors.misblackfriday.com/
    http://airmax.misblackfriday.com/
    http://michael-kors.misblackfriday.com/
    http://t.co/1PJuejI1ys
    http://t.co/FYm2MxWwLM
    https://twitter.com/CoachOutlet2014
    https://www.facebook.com/pages/Coach-Factory-Outlet-Online-Store-Michael-Kors-Outlet-Online-Sale-75-Off/712060898859091
    https://www.facebook.com/pages/Ralph-Lauren-Polo-Outlet-Online-Sale/1404100279810690

    ReplyDelete
  21. The battery in our e-cig kits is CE approved and designed to prevent accidental discharge. By clicking the power button five times, it will lock the battery down so that it doesn't get switched on accidentally in your pocket etc.

    ReplyDelete
  22. you always bring everyone the most interesting and useful, I like it all, thank you. kizi 3

    ReplyDelete
  23. you always bring everyone the most interesting and useful, I like it all, thank you.

    ReplyDelete
  24. An administration gave by varied lenders permitting cardholders to withdraw a selected whole of cash, either through associate ATM or squarely from a bank or all entirely all altogether totally fully totally different fund organization. day progresses generally convey a high thought rate - considerably quite FICO rating cards itself - and additionally the thought starts to accumulate instantly. On the in addition to side, cash advances unit payday loans online costa mesa of activity brisk and easy to amass finally all entirely all altogether totally fully totally different alternatives unit exhausted.

    ReplyDelete
  25. you always bring everyone the most interesting and useful, I like it all, thank you. Kizi 10

    ReplyDelete
  26. Using this new found perspective, why got to be compelled to be compelled to Unsecured Loan Lenders do that for Free? they need bills to pay and need to create a little cash too, that is that constant as a results of the numerous fairly commerce. thanks to the upper risk that they take, they besides got to be compelled to be compelled to payday loans cowl their losses. do i assume you pay poor for insurance? presumptively not.

    ReplyDelete
  27. The rise and fall of gas prices continues as customers hit the pumps waiting to appear at what they are near acquire a gallon of gas. once it involves filling the tank, day loans ar celebrated to satisfy the requirements of someone alliance agency is low on fuel. The past few years of uncertainty has payday loans jackson-MS created being a automobile owner to a small degree infinite durable because of the high price of gas.

    ReplyDelete
  28. Excellent Blog! I would like to thank for the efforts you have made in writing this post.
    Yepi 2
    Friv 2
    Friv
    Hopy 4

    ReplyDelete
  29. This is a great web site. Good sparkling user interface and very informative blogs. I will be coming back in a bit, thanks for the great article. I have found it enormously useful..
    unblocked games | friv | unblocked games | tetris | monster high games | free online games | free online games | friv4school | kizi 4 | kizi 2 | friv 4 school
    a

    ReplyDelete
  30. A good informative post that you have shared and appreciate your work for sharing the information Kizi 6 | Kizi 7

    ReplyDelete
  31. great article, I was very impressed about it, wish you would have stayed next share
    Signature:
    i like play games
    juegos de frozen
    juegos frozen
    frozen

    ReplyDelete
  32. Thanks for sharing your info. I really appreciate your efforts and I will be waiting for your further write
    Signature:
    download free descargar whatsapp gratis
    baixar whatsapp gratis
    descargar whatsapp
    baixar whatsapp

    ReplyDelete
  33. I think this is definitely an amazing project here. So much good will be coming from this project. The ideas and the work behind this will pay off so much. If you still have no idea what this means, don't worry about it, because you can always... Kizi 1 games | juegos friv 4 | Kizi 10 | Kizi 4 | Y8 GAMES | Kizi 2 games | Kizi 6 games | Kizi 7 games | Yepi games | Kizi 5

    ReplyDelete
  34. Great! Thanks for sharing the information. That is very helpful for increasing my knowledge in this field.
    pacman |happy wheels |my little pony games | unblocked games
    friv4 kizi 4| unblockedgames

    ReplyDelete
  35. No, not at all, Iwinski said. "Having said that, if they were delivery on Oct 8 and they would declare it before us, then we would look, I don't know, for Nov or something. Because there are so few RPGs that it's really a very ridiculous concept to provide them simultaneously."

    Jogos Elsa | mafa2 | friv8 | kizi100

    ReplyDelete
  36. I was working and suddenly I visits your site frequently and recommended it to me to read also. The writing style is superior and the content is relevant. Thanks for the insight you provide the readers!
    Signature:
    Versión en facebook español a los países hablan Español: facebook login entrar , facebook en español para and facebook entrar direto

    ReplyDelete
  37. Posts shared useful information and meaningful life, I'm glad to be reading this article and hope to soon learn the next article. thank you
    Signature:
    The place to play all unblocked games at school online. Here you can find every blocked games such as: unblockedgames , unblocked games happy , unblocked games 77 , Garry's Mod

    ReplyDelete
  38. Thanks for sharing your info. I really appreciate your efforts and I will be waiting for your further write
    Signature:
    download baixar facebook movel, Facebook movel, baixar facebook. Facebook chat, baixar whatsapp, fazer o download baixar whatsapp gratis para Android, iPhone. Últimas Facebook

    ReplyDelete
  39. Hello, just wanted to say, I loved this article. It was practical.
    Keep on posting!
    Signature:
    facebook entrar iniciar sesion gratis - Sitio Oficial iniciado sesión en Facebook lengua española. facebook entrar rápido, facebook iniciar sesion en tu cuenta de entrar facebook

    ReplyDelete
  40. Cet article semble être en négligeant le fait que l'information est un produit vendable et l'altruisme est un mauvais deuxième au commerce, en particulier dans le domaine de la santé. La recherche génétique peut être un exercice totalement fascinant pour ceux qui sont impliqués, mais il va vraiment fournir des avantages réalistes?
    tai anh dep Kizi200 game hay game vui game moi nhat
    Ceci est un espace de charme incroyable. Magnifiquement fait. Je eu l'occasion de faire un stage avec Liz et elle est absolument incroyable! Je vous aime tous de son travail!

    ReplyDelete
  41. Thanks for sharing. I hope it will be helpful for too many people that are searching for this topic.
    juegos.com
    juegos de matar
    jogos friv

    ReplyDelete
  42. You have posted a trust worthy blog keep sharing.
    ----
    i like play game clickjogos online free and play game juegos de pou

    ReplyDelete
  43. Cet article semble être en négligeant le fait que l'information est un produit vendable et l'altruisme est un mauvais deuxième au commerce, en particulier dans le domaine de la santé. La recherche génétique peut être un exercice totalement fascinant pour ceux qui sont impliqués, mais il va vraiment fournir des avantages réalistes?
    kizi games friv games 2 kizi200 yepi500

    ReplyDelete
  44. Your original views on this topic are refreshing and interesting.
    ----
    play game juegos kizi online and play game jogos do friv

    ReplyDelete

  45. شركة تسليك مجارى بابها
    شركة تنظيف بابها
    شركة تنظيف بيارات بابها
    شركة تنظيف شقق بابها
    شركة تنظيف فلل بابها
    شركة تنظيف منازل بابها
    شركة رش مبيدات بابها
    شركة كشف تسربات المياه بابها
    شركة مكافحة حشرات بابها
    شركة نقل اثاث بابها

    شركة تنظيف شقق بالخرج
    شركة تنظيف فلل بالخرج
    شركة مكافحة حشرات بالخرج
    شركة نقل اثاث بالخرج
    شركة تنظيف بالخرج

    شركة تسليك مجارى بالرياض
    شركة تنظيف بالرياض
    شركة تنظيف شقق بالرياض
    شركة تنظيف فلل بالرياض
    شركة تنظيف منازل بالرياض
    شركة رش مبيدات بالرياض
    شركة كشف تسربات المياه بالرياض
    شركة مكافحة حشرات بالرياض
    شركة نقل اثاث بالرياض

    شركة تنظيف بحائل
    شركة تنظيف شقق بحائل
    شركة تنظيف فلل بحائل
    شركة تنظيف منازل بحائل
    شركة رش مبيدات بحائل
    شركة كشف تسربات المياه بحائل
    شركة مكافحة حشرات بحائل
    شركة نقل اثاث بحائل
    شركة تسليك مجارى بحائل


    شركة تسليك مجارى بخميس مشيط
    شركة تنظيف بخميس مشيط
    شركة تنظيف شقق بخميس مشيط
    شركة تنظيف فلل بخميس مشيط
    شركة تنظيف منازل بخميس مشيط
    شركة رش مبيدات بخميس مشيط
    شركة مكافحة حشرات بخميس مشيط
    شركة نقل اثاث بخميس مشيط




    شركة تسليك مجارى بالمزاحميه
    شركة تنظيف بالمزاحميه
    شركة تنظيف شقق بالمزاحميه
    شركة تنظيف فلل بالمزحميه
    شركة تنظيف منازل بالمزاحميه
    شركة رش مبيدات بالمزاحميه
    شركة مكافحة حشرات بالمزاحميه
    شركة نقل اثاث بالمزاحميه
    شركة نقل عفش بالمزاحميه

    ReplyDelete
  46. This is also a very good post which I really enjoyed reading. It is not everyday that I have the possibility to see something like this.
    Signature:
    Download retrica app includes more than eighty different filters with many different styles and include retrica , and play zombie tsunami game is the ideal game for anyone who loves the running game genre and happywheels , happy wheels , agar , agar io

    ReplyDelete
  47. Kui nõukogu algatab soovituse esitamisega ülemäärase tasakaalunihke menetluse, peab selle menetluse lõpetama samalaadse õigusaktiga, st soovituse või otsusega, mis on kehtiv tervikuna/kehtiv selle adressaatidele.
    Agario Spielen Elsa Spelletjes Giochi Minions Gry Agario Jeux De Agario

    --------

    Tänan Teid väga mõistva suhtumise eest ning jään ootama Teie seisukohta eespool nimetatud ühist huvi pakkuva teema suhtes.
    Jeux De Elsa Jeux De Happy Wheels Juegos De Happy Wheels Juegos De Monkey Go Happy Juegos De Wheely

    ReplyDelete
  48. great post. i like it. feeling great when reading your post. Keep on posting!
    minecraft 2 , minecraft , minecraft 2 download , minecraft 2 baixar

    ReplyDelete
  49. Muitos de nós estamos preocupados que o que resultou de Nice não seja o suficiente para fazer face ao alargamento iminente, e é por essa razão - ainda que agradecendo as declarações da Presidência do Conselho
    gry agario jogos de five nights at freddy's jogos de five nights at freddy's 4 jogos de happy wheels juegos agario
    Mariana, danke für das Teilen, danke in und bei uns zu sein; danke für deinen Unterricht, deine Bücher, deine Erinnerungen


    Muito obrigado Dr. Lab por compartilhar suas experiências de laboratório, técnicas secretas e paixão analógica no em sua primeira edição de Dicas de Aberrações de Filmes.
    juegos de five nights at freddy's juegos de five nights at freddy's 4 juegos de strike force heroes jeux agario jocuri agario
    Unser Dank geht an Norma und Ruth für das Teilen ihrer Herzen mit uns.

    ReplyDelete
  50. Muitos de nós estamos preocupados que o que resultou de Nice não seja o suficiente para fazer face ao alargamento iminente, e é por essa razão - ainda que agradecendo as declarações da Presidência do Conselho
    Yoob | Gry yoob | Juegos fri​v yoob | Yoob riv |

    Muito obrigado Dr. Lab por compartilhar suas experiências de laboratório, técnicas secretas e paixão analógica no em sua primeira edição de Dicas de Aberrações de Filmes.
    yoob friv | yoob 3 | yoob 2 | yoob games |

    ReplyDelete
  51. The share your really gives us excitement. Thanks for your sharing. If you feel tired at work or study try to participate in our games to bring the most exciting feeling. Thank you!
    Red Ball is a online, platform games series, posted by King. It involves a red ball 4 stuck in a world of various levels, and hola launcher is a freemium web and mobile application which claims to provide a faster, private and more secure Internet . Whether you are looking to improve your culinary skills or you simply love whipping up tasty treats, this simulation game named cooking fever will surely leave your mouth watering. Sun, sand, surf, and all the fish you can eat! Sail away to paradise bay, where you'll help Keani and friends restore the island to its former glory. The and, agario is a fun addicting MMO game in which you have to eat or be eaten while you strive to dominate the World of colorful cells. Good happy !

    ReplyDelete
  52. die in großer Quantität in Nähe Trigona wiedergefunden wurden, und in der Nähe foce, indem man der Hafenfläche eine spätere Bestätigung der
    Yoob Friv Yoob Yoob Friv Juegos Yoob Jogos Yoob
    Die einmaligen reperti, die bilden können, sind eine gültige Hilfe im chronologischen Wiederaufbau angesiedelt die Keramikreperti

    ReplyDelete
  53. Ich danke Ihnen für das Interesse, das Sie und die von Ihnen vertretenen Gremien, die Gebietskörperschaften von Valle de Lónguida, Aoiz, Valle de Artze und Oroz-Beztelu
    Friv4school 2017
    Gry Friv 5
    Jeux De Five Nights at Freddy's
    Juegos De Five Nights at Freddy's 2
    Juegos De Freddy


    Jeg takker Dem for den interesse, som De og de organer, De repræsenterer, Navarra-regionens kommuner i Valle de Lónguida, Aoiz, Valle de Artze, Oroz-Beztelu, Junta General del Valle de Aezcoa samt Coordinadora de Itoiz, har vist i bevaringen og beskyttelsen af miljøet.
    Juegos De Friv 3
    Juegos De Friv 4
    Juegos Friv 5
    Kizi 2
    Yooob

    ReplyDelete
  54. Merci au groupe scout de la Molière pour la mise à disposition du matériel et merci à Philippe Mooser (président du groupe) pour le partage de ses connaissances durant cette journée.
    juegos friv 2019 five nights at candy's five nights at freddy's 5 fnaf 6 friv 10 friv 100
    Je vous remercie, au nom également des autres membres du Conseil de fondation


    Merci pour les deux pièces reçues la semaine dernière, et en particulier pour celle avec les contre-dépouilles.
    friv 2009 friv 2017 friv 2018 gry friv 4 juegos de kid butowski yobb
    C'est notre façon de vous remercier de partager votre connexion !

    ReplyDelete
  55. Danke für das Teilen mit mir einige Ihrer Ideen betreffend sind die Möglichkeit des Verminderns unserer gegenwärtigen Arbeitslosigkeit
    five nights at freddy's 6
    friv 2017
    friv frozen
    friv happy wheels
    jogos friv 2017
    Danke für die Mitteilung der Information an Ihre Familie und Freunde.

    wir danken euch für das bisherige Teilnehmen lassen, möchten aber den Rundbrief nicht mehr erhalten" oder
    juegos de fnaf
    juegos friv 100
    juegos friv 4
    yoob 10
    yoob 4

    ReplyDelete
  56. This app is great it gives you those moments of relaxation and incredibly wonderful
    age of war 2 | tank trouble | gold miner | tank trouble 3 | duck life
    Game is a must play game and the modern class:
    age of war 3 | red ball | Stick war 2 | Apple Shooter | goodgame empire | earn to die | tank trouble 2

    ReplyDelete
  57. There are so many tools and solutions that no one can be aware of them all. That is why I encourage collaborating and pooling knowledge! I’m curious about your Twitter username…I was expecting a cartoonist. friv games online | friv online games | papa’s games

    ReplyDelete
  58. Score Hero é um dos excelentse jogos de futebol para telemóveis e dispositivos que usam Android de 2 ou superior. Photo Grid é um aplicativo de edição de foto, fazer colagem com muitos quadros atraentes.

    ReplyDelete
  59. To join the free games you go here. It will have a lot of great games for you that
    gun mayhem 3 | can your pet 2
    learn to fly 3 | happywheels
    tank trouble 3

    ReplyDelete
  60. Did you know that you can shorten your urls with Shortest and make cash for every visit to your short urls.

    ReplyDelete
  61. Such a very useful article. Very interesting to read this article.I would like to thank you for the efforts you had made for writing this awesome article.

    Discover our website bounty of free online games now!
    Our website has the biggest collection of free online games. Totally new games are added every day!

    age of war 2| gold Miner 2| unfair Mario 2 | cubefield 2 |tanki Online 2

    ReplyDelete
  62. Very interesting blog. Alot of blogs I see these days don't really provide anything that I'm interested in, but I'm most definately interested in this one.
    temple run 2 l download temple run 2 l temple run 2 game l temple run 2 download l temple run 2 app

    ReplyDelete
  63. Nice! thank you so much! Thank you for sharing. Your blog posts are more interesting and impressive.
    geometry dash apk l geometry dash game l geometry dash l download geometry dash l geometry dash app

    ReplyDelete
  64. I think there are many people like and visit it regularly, including me.I actually appreciate your own position and I will be sure to come back here.
    launcher l download launcher l launcher apk l launcher app l launcherapp

    ReplyDelete
  65. Let’s keep are safe place to play the very best free games for kids! Please click: jugar juegos | juegos de juegos | jogo friv | y8 new games | kizi juegos

    ReplyDelete