Wednesday, June 11, 2014

K-12 Tenure Declared Unconstitutional in California: Could Higher Ed be Next?


A Los Angeles judge ruled against the current system of granting tenure to K-12 teachers because he found that low-income students are adversely affected by the inability to remove ineffective teachers in a timely manner.  On one level, this seems like a progressive ruling protecting the educational rights of the poorest among us; however, on closer inspection, we discover that the decision is based on several myths regarding education. 

One of these myths is the idea that students from low-income areas perform poorly because they don’t have the best teachers.  What this view rejects is any understanding of the different economic, psychological, and social forces affecting young people.  Not only does this myth repress the role that poverty plays in shaping every aspect of these students’ lives, but it also neglects the advantages given to the wealthier students.  Instead of looking at school funding or how the lack of good healthcare prevents students from going to school, the judge is highly invested in the current idea that a great teacher can overcome all social and personal obstacles facing a low-income student.    

The ruling begins by citing Brown v Board of Education to point to the important value of providing equal education to all races.  In two other cited cases, the theme is once again the equality of educational opportunity.  Although it would be hard to argue against this egalitarian ideal, it is clear that self-segregation and white flight have made schools very unequal.  Moreover, while the Governor has pushed through a new plan to redistribute funds to low-income schools, this plan has yet to come into full effect. 

The Judge ruled that tenure keeps “bad” teachers in low-income schools, and it makes it hard to remove ineffective instructors in a quick and cost-free manner.  Of course, he did not suggest how to recruit and keep teachers in schools with high levels of poverty and stress.  What the judge did do is buy into research showing that a single ineffective teacher can reduce a student’s earning power over a lifetime.  This reductive analysis, which confuses causation with correlation, is based on the idea that we can determine the value of someone’s education by looking at how much money he or she earns later on life.  Once again, a wide-range of variables is excluded in order to establish a simple causal link between the quality of a teacher and the financial success of a student.

The judge was also impressed by a study that said that between 1% and 3% of all teachers are grossly ineffective.  Since there are about 250,00 teachers in the state, the judge accepted the notion that there must be between 2,750 and 8,250 horrible teachers.  Here a questionable statistic is translated into a scientific fact and applied to a supposedly impartial ruling.  Moreover, if there is an even distribution of bad teachers, then it would seem that all schools should be equally effected.  However, we are never told what defines a grossly ineffective teacher; all we know is that it is hard to get rid of them because of tenure. 

At the heart of the decision is the question of whether two years is enough time to decide on tenure for a teacher.  This question actually has some validity, but it is unclear how a two-year path to tenure causes discrimination against low-income schools; in fact, the judge adds that the quickness of this high stakes decision may unfairly harm new, good teachers who are not given enough time to prove themselves.  Yet, this rational argument is undermined by the judge when he claims that since many states have a longer pre-tenure period and some states do not allow for tenure at all, then, California is an outlier, and its system should be changed.  Just because some states have terrible rules, it does not mean that everyone should race to the bottom.         

The judge also ruled against using seniority in layoffs, but did not suggest an alternative and did not say how this process causes discrimination.  What is so concerning is that Arne Duncan, the Secretary of education endorses theruling: "The students who brought this lawsuit are, unfortunately, just nine out of millions of young people in America who are disadvantaged by laws, practices, and systems that fail to identify and support our best teachers and match them with our neediest students. Today's court decision is a mandate to fix these problems. Together, we must work to increase public confidence in public education. This decision presents an opportunity for a progressive state with a tradition of innovation to build a new framework for the teaching profession that protects students' rights to equal educational opportunities while providing teachers the support, respect and rewarding careers they deserve. My hope is that today's decision moves from the courtroom toward a collaborative process in California that is fair, thoughtful, practical and swift." Like so many others, Duncan focuses on just the individual student and the teacher, but not the multiple other factors that influence education.

Although this ruling only dealt with K-12 teachers, its logic could be expanded to include all levels of education, including higher education.  In fact, the promotion of star teachers and the critique of failing community colleges is gaining much media attention these days, and so it wouldn’t be surprising if another millionaire funds a lawsuit against tenure in higher education.  

28 comments:

  1. Bob Samuel's comment, as usual, hits a number "nails" regarding the actual sources of learning inequality smack on the head. One more consideration regarding this hasty and ill considered ruling might be added: the history of tenure. In the "good old days" before tenure, my mother--heroically teaching several grades in a two-room rural school--was fired because the superintendent's niece wanted the job. More to the point, tenure at all levels has been the main protection for academic freedom--as important in the K-12 systems as in higher education. I don't have much hope that the Supreme Court will overturn this ruling, but we should definitely all expose its simplistic reasoning to the best of our ability..

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Testimony On How My Life was Transformed (Lexieloancompany@yahoo.com)..

      I am writing this Testimony because am really grateful for what Martinez Lexie did for me and my family, when I thought there was no hope he came and make my family feel alive again by lending us loan at a very low interest rate of 2%. Well I have been searching for a loan to settle my debts for the past three months all I met scammed and took my money total 6,500usd until I finally met a God sent Lender. I never thought that there are still genuine loan lenders on the internet but to my greatest surprise i got my loan without wasting much time so if you are out there looking for a loan of any kind for business or other purposes i would advise you to email Mr Martinez via: ( Lexieloancompany@yahoo.com ) or through the Company website: http://lexieloans.bravesites.com OR text: +18168926958 and be free of internet scams. thanks… Jenny Hills CA, United State


      Delete
    2. Do you truly desire a genuine loan from a reliable lender then you don't have to look elsewhere or think of a way out anymore for anzjacksonfinancingplc@yahoo.com is the right choice to make because i recently got my loan from them. You can as well give them a call or text at: +18437769340. Why am i doing this? I am doing this to save as many that are in need of a loan not to be victim of scams on the internet.

      Delete
    3. I would like to bring this to the notice of the public about how i met Anz Jackson Financing PLC after i lost my job and being denied loan by my bank and other financial institution due to my credit score. I could not pay my children's fees. I was behind on bills, about to be thrown out of the house due to my inability to pay my rent, It was during this period my kids were taken from me by foster care. Then i set out to seek for funds online where i lost $3,670 that i borrowed from friends which i was rip off by two companies. Until i read about: anzjacksonfinancingplc@yahoo.com where i was granted a loan to pay up my debts and to start up a business. You can as well give them a call or text at: +18437769340. Why am i doing this? I am doing this to save as many that are in need of a loan not to be victim of scams on the internet.

      Delete
    4. I would like to bring this to the notice of the public about how i met Anz Jackson Financing PLC after i lost my job and being denied loan by my bank and other financial institution due to my credit score. I could not pay my children's fees. I was behind on bills, about to be thrown out of the house due to my inability to pay my rent, It was during this period my kids were taken from me by foster care. Then i set out to seek for funds online where i lost $3,670 that i borrowed from friends which i was rip off by two companies. Until i read about: anzjacksonfinancingplc@yahoo.com where i was granted a loan to pay up my debts and to start up a business. You can as well give them a call or text at: +18437769340. Why am i doing this? I am doing this to save as many that are in need of a loan not to be victim of scams on the internet

      Delete
  2. This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.

    ReplyDelete
  3. GOOD DAY to you I am Mr John Emmanuel, a Reputable, Legitimate & an accredited money
    Lender. I loan money out to individuals in need of financial assistance.
    Do you have a bad credit or are you in need of money to pay bills?
    i want to use this medium to inform you that i render reliable beneficiary
    assistance as I'll be glad to offer you a loan at 2% interest rate to
    reliable individuals.
    Services Rendered include:
    *Refinance
    *Home Improvement
    *Inventor Loans
    *Auto Loans
    *Debt Consolidation
    *Horse Loans
    *Line of Credit
    *Second Mortgage
    *Business Loans
    *Personal Loans
    *International Loans.
    Please write back if interested.
    Upon Response, you'll be mailed a Loan application form to fill. (No social
    security and no credit check, 100% Guaranteed!) I Look forward permitting me to
    be of service to you. You can contact me via e-mail Johnemmanuelloanfirm@gmail.com or Johnemmanuelloanfirm@outlook.com
    Yours Sincerely
    MR John Emmanuel(MD)

    ReplyDelete
  4. I am Mrs.Sandra Bents from Germny, God has bless me with two kids and a loving husband, I promise to share this Testimony because of God favor in my life,2months ago I was in desperate need of money so I thought of having a loan then I ran into wrong hands who claimed to be a loan lender not knowing he was a scam. he collected 2,000USD from me and refuse to email me since. then I was confuse, but God came to my rescue, one faithful day I went to Court after the Case of my friend I share idea with a friend and she introduce me to ERIVAN LOAN COMPANY, she said she was given 50,000USD by MR ERIVAN , THE MANAGING DIRECTOR OF ERIVAN LOAN COMPANY . so I collected his email Address ,he told me the roles and regulation and I followed, then after processing of the Documents, he gave me my loan of 30,000POUNDS .you can contact him on via email : (erivanloancompany@yahoo.com) I am sure he will help you.

    ReplyDelete
  5. LOAN SERVICE OFFER, APPLY NOW AND GET APPROVED WITHOUT STRESS OR DELAY.

    We are MULTI CREDIT FINANCE; we are Legitimate/Accredited Loan Company & we are fully licensed by the Government to grant loans and offer other credit facilities to both local and international customers. We offer loans to individuals and co-operate bodies in need of financial assistance. Do you have bad credit OR are you in need of money to pay bills? Do you need business loan? We offer ALL KINDS of loan at 2% interest rate to reliable & serious individuals or companies! Get back to us if interested & upon your response; you'll be mailed a Loan application form to fill (No social security and no credit check, 100% Guaranteed!) We Look forward hear from interested borrower!!!! Interested person can contact us via E-mail: {multicreditfinance@gmail.com}

    MULTI CREDIT FINANCE TEAM.

    ReplyDelete
  6. One of the most important benefits of coming to a Pre-School is the social interaction and learning to be self-sufficient.
    kids play school
    franchise for play school in goa

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I would like to bring this to the notice of the public about how i met Anz Jackson Financing PLC after i lost my job and being denied loan by my bank and other financial institution due to my credit score. I could not pay my children's fees. I was behind on bills, about to be thrown out of the house due to my inability to pay my rent, It was during this period my kids were taken from me by foster care. Then i set out to seek for funds online where i lost $3,670 that i borrowed from friends which i was rip off by two companies. Until i read about: anzjacksonfinancingplc@yahoo.com where i was granted a loan to pay up my debts and to start up a business. You can as well give them a call or text at: +18437769340. Why am i doing this? I am doing this to save as many that are in need of a loan not to be victim of scams on the internet.

      Delete
  7. Hello everyone, My name is Mrs. Linda Frank and i am talking as the happiest person in the whole wild world today and i told myself that any lender that rescue my family from our poor situation, i will tell the name to the whole wild world and i am so happy to say that my family is back for good because i was in need a loan of $ 73,000 USD to start my life all over as i am a single mum with 2 kids and the whole world seemed like it was hanging on me until i met the GOD sent loan lender that changed my life and that of my family, a GOD fearing lender, Mr. Steve of Steve Brown Loan Financial , he was the saviour GOD sent to rescue my family and at first i thought it was not going to be possible until i received my loan of $ 73,000 USD and i will advise anyone who is in genuine need of a loan to contact Mr. Steve Brown via email at. (stevebrownloan4@hotmail.com) OR (stevebrown012@gmail.com ) because he is the most understanding and kind hearted lender.

    ReplyDelete
  8. http://www.shopbestgoods.com/
    http://www.nike-jordanshoes.com/
    http://www.beatsbydreoutlet.net/
    http://www.michaelkorsus.com/
    http://www.polo-tshirts.com/
    http://www.northsclearance.com/
    http://www.ralph-laurensale.com/
    http://www.gucci-shoesuk2014.com/
    http://www.michael-korsusa.com/
    http://www.polo-outlets.com/
    http://www.ralphslauren.co.uk/
    http://www.marcjacobsonsale.com/
    http://www.mcmworldwides.com/
    http://www.salongchamppairs.com/
    http://www.canada-gooser.com/
    http://www.burberryoutlet2014.com/
    http://www.michaelkors.so/
    http://www.hermes-outletonline.com/
    http://www.oakley-sunglassoutlet.com/
    http://www.north-faceoutlets.net/
    http://www.moncler-clearance.com/
    http://www.woolrich-clearance.com/
    http://www.barbour-jacketsoutlet.com/
    http://www.moncler-jacketsoutletonline.com/
    http://www.monsterbeatsbydres.net/
    http://www.louis-vuittonblackfriday.com/
    http://www.lv-guccishoesfactory.com/
    http://www.mcmoutlet-jp.com/
    http://www.cheapdiscountoutlet.com/
    http://coachoutlet.iwopop.com/
    http://www.coachsfactoryoutlet.com/
    http://www.coach-blackfriday2014.com/
    http://www.coach-storeoutletonline.com/
    http://www.coach-factorysoutletonline.com/
    http://www.coachccoachoutlet.com/
    http://www.coach-factories.net/
    http://www.coach-pursesoutletonline.com/
    http://www.llouisvuitton-factory.net/
    http://www.coach-outletsusa.com/
    http://www.mksfactoryoutlet.com/
    http://www.zxcoachoutlet.com/
    http://www.mischristmas.com/
    http://www.misblackfriday.com/
    http://www.bestcustomsonline.com/
    http://www.newoutletonlinemall.com/
    http://www.clickmichaelkors.com/
    http://www.cmichaelkorsoutlet.com/
    http://www.ralphlaurenepolo.com/
    http://michaelkorsoutlet.mischristmas.com/
    http://mcmbackpack.mischristmas.com/
    http://monsterbeats.mischristmas.com/
    http://northfaceoutlet.mischristmas.com/
    http://mk.misblackfriday.com/
    http://coachoutlet.misblackfriday.com/
    http://coachfactory.misblackfriday.com/
    http://uggaustralia.misblackfriday.com/
    http://coachpurses.misblackfriday.com/
    http://coachusa.misblackfriday.com/
    http://coach.misblackfriday.com/
    http://michaelkorss.misblackfriday.com/
    http://michaelkors.misblackfriday.com/
    http://airmax.misblackfriday.com/
    http://michael-kors.misblackfriday.com/
    http://t.co/1PJuejI1ys
    http://t.co/FYm2MxWwLM
    https://twitter.com/CoachOutlet2014
    https://www.facebook.com/pages/Coach-Factory-Outlet-Online-Store-Michael-Kors-Outlet-Online-Sale-75-Off/712060898859091
    https://www.facebook.com/pages/Ralph-Lauren-Polo-Outlet-Online-Sale/1404100279810690

    ReplyDelete
  9. Dear Sir/Madam,
    My name is Mr. Steve Brown CEO of Steve Brown Loan Company, We give out legitimate loans to serious Individual and Companies that are in need of loans, we offer all kinds of loans at 2% interest rate without stress, apply with us and get your loan transfer to you within 2 days, interest person or company should contact us via E-mail: stevebrownloan4@hotmail.com, and stevebrown012@gmail.com

    We offer all kind of categories of loan they

    Short term loan 5_10years
    Long term loan 20_40
    Media term loan10_20
    We offer loan like
    Home loan.....................
    Business loan.................
    Debt loan .................
    Student loan..............
    Business start up loan
    Business loan ...........
    Car loan ..............
    International loan
    Company loan........etc
    When it comes to financial crisis and loan then Steve Brown loan financial is the place to go please just send us an email and application form will be send back to you below is our Email address stevebrownloan4@hotmail.com (or) stevebrown012@gmail.com


    ReplyDelete
  10. Get the unlimited resource generator of pou after clicking here at free of any type of effort.

    ReplyDelete

  11. Be careful here. Nobody can help you here or even suggest how you can get financial help. Any answer of a loan lender to your question, you MUST ignore,because they are SCAMS…real SCAMS…i was a victim of which i was ripped thousands of dollars…well thank God for a Christian sister who referred me to a loan organization formed by some Christian Women Trust Fund. it is called Christian women Trust-funds Cooperative Organization (C.W.T.C.O) christainwomen.trustloanfirm@gmail.com They made my life a valuable one and gave it a meaning. When the sister gave me their contact, I contacted them. Then I requested for a loan with all the necessary evidence to prove that I actually needed a loan, they approved a loan of $250,000.00 USD in 48 hours after meeting up to their necessary requirements, my loan was deposited in my bank account without collateral. Though i was very nervous with the loan organization at first due to my previous bad experiences, especially when the issue of me settling the Registration charges came up, I hold on to my faith due to the fact that my relative referred me, got it cleared,and as God should have it, little did I know that my financial shortcomings has come to a final end. If not for that quick referral from a christian sister to this genuine source ,I would have regretted my total life,because at that point in time i just divorced the father of my son, and my son (Kennett) was faced with a life and death situation. I was faced with his hospital bills and i was also faced with foreclosure at my apartment. Details of this GOD-SENT organization won’t be disclose for now for fear of impersonation ( because it has been discovered that some persons are not really in need of financial help, but they just want to collect money from this genuine christian loan organization). And it is because of this reason they don,t give out loan anyhow. You must be able to convince them very well, and provide good proofs to show that you really need a loan before they can approve it for you. Their charge is very affordable and reliable compare to many out there,their interest rates is just 4%, from 1-10years repayment little documentation,and little credit check. As i have earlier said, for security reasons i can only provide their email address. Embrace this new initiative.Feel free to contact them via Email(christainwomen.trustloanfirm@gmail.com) as their loan officer/rep sir perry smith will attend to you and you will be free from scams and financial burdens.

    ReplyDelete
  12. Do you need Personal Loan?
    Business Cash Loan?
    Unsecured Loan
    Fast and Simple Loan?
    Quick Application Process?
    Approvals within 24-72 Hours?
    No Hidden Fees Loan?
    Funding in less than 1 Week?
    Get unsecured working capital?
    Contact Us At :majidvijahlending@gmail.com

    LOAN SERVICES AVAILABLE INCLUDE:
    ================================
    *Commercial Loans.
    *Personal Loans.
    *Business Loans.
    *Investments Loans.
    *Development Loans.
    *Acquisition Loans .
    *Construction loans.
    *Business Loans And many More:

    LOAN APPLICATION FORM:
    =================
    Full Name:................
    Loan Amount Needed:.
    Purpose of loan:.......
    Loan Duration:..
    Gender:.............
    Marital status:....
    Location:..........
    Home Address:..
    City:............
    Country:......
    Phone:..........
    Mobile / Cell:....
    Occupation:......
    Monthly Income:....

    Contact Us At :majidvijahlending@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  13. i dont agree with the term ineffective teachers! there might be few teachers lacking efficient teaching methods Play school franchise

    ReplyDelete
  14. I am Mrs.Sandra Bents from Germany, God has bless me with two kids and a loving husband, I promise to share this Testimony because of God favor in my life,2months ago I was in desperate need of money so I thought of having a loan then I ran into wrong hands who claimed to be a loan lender not knowing he was a scam. he collected 2,000USD from me and refuse to email me since. then I was confuse, but God came to my rescue, one faithful day I went to Court after the Case of my friend I share idea with a friend and she introduce me to AMACO LOAN COMPANY, she said she was given 50,000USD by MR AMACO , THE MANAGING DIRECTOR OF AMACO LOAN COMPANY . so I collected his email Address ,he told me the roles and regulation and I followed, then after processing of the Documents, he gave me my loan of 30,000POUNDS .you can contact him on via email : (amacoloancompany@gmail.com) I am sure he will help you

    ReplyDelete
  15. Hello Everybody,
    My name is Mrs Sharon Sim. I live in singapore and i am a happy woman today? and i told my self that any lender that rescue my family from our poor situation, i will refer any person that is looking for loan to him, he gave me happiness to me and my family, i was in need of a loan of S$250,000.00 to start my life all over as i am a single mother with 3 kids I met this honest and GOD fearing man loan lender that help me with a loan of S$250,000.00 SG. Dollar, he is a GOD fearing man, if you are in need of loan and you will pay back the loan please contact him tell him that is Mrs Sharon, that refer you to him. contact Dr Purva Pius,via email:(urgentloan22@gmail.com)Thank you


    LOAN APPLICATION FORM:
    =================
    Full Name:................
    Loan Amount Needed:.
    Purpose of loan:.......
    Loan Duration:..
    Gender:.............
    Marital status:....
    Location:..........
    Home Address:..
    City:............
    Country:......
    Phone:..........
    Mobile / Cell:....
    Occupation:......
    Monthly Income:....

    Contact Us At :urgentloan22@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  16. Why wasting your precious time online looking for a loan? When there is an opportunity for you to invest with $200 and get a returns of $2,000 within seven business working days. Contact us now for more information if interested on how you can earn big with just little amount. This is all about investing into Crude Oil and Gas Business. Email:investmoneyoilgas@gmail.com


    Email Us:(investmoneyoilgas@gmail.com)

    Regard
    DR JAMES ERIC

    ReplyDelete
  17. With the ascent amount of gasoline, abounding accomplished individuals accept accomplished a adamantine time advantageous their bills and putting gas in their cars. The basal band for best bodies is that no gas equates to no job. We all charge to put ammunition in our cartage so that we can get aback and alternating amid work, aces our accouchement up from school, and run errands, for example.
    payday loans chicago

    ReplyDelete
  18. With regards to government help for organizations, there are two central parts that are served: farming and business. The horticulture division specifically has an incomprehensible cluster of advances to apply for, every making an agriculturist more aggressive. check cashing san-diego

    ReplyDelete
  19. While private understudy advances do fill the wide hole that exists in understudy spending plans, it is essential to wind up a decent borrower and put yourself headed straight toward money related opportunity through great credit when you get an advance for awful credit. payday loans chicago

    ReplyDelete
  20. The financing cost for government Student Education Loans fluctuates from 3.4% to 8.5%. The 3.4% loan fee is the most minimal financing cost one can seek after in any understudy Mortgage program, whether government or private. cash advance

    ReplyDelete
  21. Testimony On How My Life was Transformed (Lexieloancompany@yahoo.com)..

    I am writing this Testimony because am really grateful for what Martinez Lexie did for me and my family, when I thought there was no hope he came and make my family feel alive again by lending us loan at a very low interest rate of 2%. Well I have been searching for a loan to settle my debts for the past three months all I met scammed and took my money total 6,500usd until I finally met a God sent Lender. I never thought that there are still genuine loan lenders on the internet but to my greatest surprise i got my loan without wasting much time so if you are out there looking for a loan of any kind for business or other purposes i would advise you to email Mr Martinez via: ( Lexieloancompany@yahoo.com ) or through the Company website: http://lexieloans.bravesites.com OR text: +18168926958 and be free of internet scams. thanks… Jenny Hills CA, United State


    ReplyDelete
  22. My name is Mrs Aloisio Mariana. I live in Portugal and i am a very happy woman today? I told my self that any Loan lender that could change my Life and that of my family, i will refer any person that is looking for loan to Them.They gave me and my family happiness, i was in need of a loan of $150,000.00 to start my life all over as a widowed with 3 kids I meant this honest and GOD fearing loan lending company online that helped me with a loan of $150,000.00 U.S. Dollar, They are indeed GOD fearing People, A reputable loan company.

    I am very happy i got my loan from them last week. If you are in need of loan and you are 100% sure to pay back the loan please contact them and please tell them that Mrs Aloisio Mariana directed you to them. contact via E_mail:marysmartservice@yahoo.com

    Mrs Aloisio Mariana

    Testimony on how i got my loan


    ReplyDelete